# Partitioning files-based datasets¶

All datasets based on files can be partitioned. This includes the following kinds of datasets:

• Filesystem

• HDFS

• Amazon S3

• Azure Blob Storage

• Network

On files-based datasets, partitioning is defined by the layout of the files on disk.

Warning

Partitioning a files-based dataset cannot be defined by the content of a column within this dataset

For example, if a filesystem is organized this way:

• /folder/2020/02/03/file0.csv

• /folder/2020/02/03/file1.csv

• /folder/2020/02/04/file0.csv

• /folder/2020/02/04/file1.csv

This folder can be partitioned at the day level, with one folder per partition.

Files-based partitioning is defined by a matching pattern that maps each file to a given partition identifier.

For example, the previous example would be represented by the pattern /%Y/%M/%D/.*

## Defining a partitioned dataset¶

You first need to have defined the connection and format params. Once this is OK and you can see your data, go to the Partitioning tab, and click “Activate partitioning”

Dataiku DSS automatically tries to recognize the pattern. If it succeeds, a partitioning pattern will be suggested.

To manually define partitioning, first define a time dimension and/or discrete dimensions.

• The time dimension period can be year, month, day or hour.

• You can add multiple discrete value dimensions, each dimension corresponding to a subdirectory in your file structure.

Then, define the pattern.

• The time dimension is referred in the pattern by the %Y (year, on 4 digits), %M (month, on 2 digits), %D (day, on 2 digits) and %H (hour, on 2 digits) specifiers. The pattern for the time dimension must represent a valid time hierarchy for the chosen period. For example, if you choose “Day” as the period for the time dimension, then the pattern must include %Y, %M, and %D.

• Each discrete value dimension is referred by the %{dimension_name} specifier.

The above example defines a partitioning scheme with two dimensions, which would match files:

• /2020-02-04/France/file0.csv

• /2020-02-05/Italy/file1.csv

Note

The initial '/' is important, as all paths are anchored to the root of the dataset. The final .* is important: it catches all files with the given prefix.

The “List partitions” button inspects the folder and displays which partitions would be generated by the current pattern as well as the files that have not been matched by the pattern (and would then not be part of the dataset).

Note

If 0 partitions are detected, it generally means that the pattern does not match your files.